Old Age Security (OAS) and Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) benefits payable were released on April 1 for the second quarter – but unfortunately, seniors won’t be getting a raise. However, there is some good news about Canada’s public pension system, especially for low-income seniors who have employment or self-employment earnings, and for tens of thousands of seniors who haven’t been getting their CPP benefits.
First, for the second quarter of 2019 (April to June), the benefit rates remain as follows:
|Family Situation||Maximum Income (excluding OAS)||Maximum Amount||Reduction Rate*|
|Single, widowed, or divorced senior||$18,240||$898.32||$1/$24|
|Spouse receives full OAS||$24,096*||$540.77||$1/$48|
|Spouse does not receive OAS||$43,728*||$898.32||$1/$96 over $4,096|
|Spouse receives the Allowance||$43,728*||$540.77||$1/$48|
*The benefit is reduced by one
dollar for each multiple of income level shown (e.g. $1 for each $24 of income
for a single senior). Note that the first $3,500 of employment income does not
** This refers to combined income of both spouses
How are OAS and GIS rates determined? Rates are indexed quarterly based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the most recent three months ending in the last increase compared to the CPI for the previous three months. The CPI for November 2018 to January 2019 was lower than the CPI for August to October 2018 so the indexation factor, if implemented, would actually reduce the OAS payment amounts. However, when the indexation factor is negative, the payment rates do not change.
The basics on GIS eligibility. The allowance is available to low-income seniors aged 60 to 64 who are married to a pensioner or are the surviving spouse of a senior.
Changes to GIS clawbacks. There is some good news for GIS recipients starting in July 2020. Currently, GIS recipients can earn up to $3500 of employment income without affecting their GIS pension. However, if they earn more, the GIS is reduced by 50% of the excess earnings. That’s a steep clawback.
Beginning with the July 2020 to June 2021 benefit year, which are based on income earned in 2019, GIS recipients can earn up to $5,000 from employment or self-employment before their GIS is reduced. In addition, 50% of the next $10,000 of employment or self-employment income will also be exempt.
These changes would allow working seniors to earn up to $10,000 more in 2019 while still receiving benefits under the Guaranteed Income Supplement.
Automatic CPP enrolment. In the March 19, 2019 federal budget, it was proposed that eligible seniors age 70 and older would be automatically enrolled in the CPP program. It’s an important change when so many seniors continue to miss accessing public pension programs that can help significantly with financial security throughout retirement.
Once implemented in 2020, the automatic enrollment process promises to bring CPP to 40,000 eligible seniors currently missing it, over a twenty-year period.
By Knowledge Bureau writers Walter Harder & Beth Graddon